Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is most commonly understood as stomach pain. It feels as if the whole stomach is aching. Well, what is abdomen in medical terms? Abdomen is the region of body extending from chest to pelvic region (Lowest most part of your tummy is Pelvic region).

Organs-of-AbdomenWhat are the organs of abdomen?

  • Stomach
  • Small intestine
  • Colon
  • Liver
  • Gallbladder
  • Spleen
  • Pancreas
  • Kidney
  • Urinary Bladder
  • Appendix
  • Uterus, Fallopian tubes, ovaries(in women)
  • Prostate gland(in men)


Now, let us try and understand the generalized pain term in our stomach area that is abdominal pain. So, what is abdominal pain? A generalized pain which is felt in the abdomen area is called abdominal pain. The pain may not necessarily originate from stomach but may have origins from other organs in abdomen like kidney, gallbladder, colon, Appendix etc.

What Are the Most Common Causes of Abdominal Pain?

What’s causing your abdominal pain? It’s important to know the reason why your stomach is hurting. Any form pain whether stomach cramps, sharp pain, mild stomach ache is important to treat well on time.

Check for some common signs and symptoms of abdominal pain. These are as follows- common-signs-and-symptoms-of-abdominal-pain

  1. Pain itself is the major sign
  2. Stomach pain after eating
  3. Stomach pain and diarrhea
  4. Constipation
  5. Nausea
  6. Fever which may be associated with infection
  7. Painful and frequent urination
  8. Indigestion
  9. Acidity
  10. Pain which lasts more than few hours



Let us find out the most common causes of abdominal pain. These are as follows-

  • Constipation

ConstipationWhat is constipation? Constipation is not an illness, it is a problem. Normal movement of undigested food through colon is compromised resulting in hard fecal matter formation resulting in constipation. Delay of bowel movements (fewer than three motions in a week) associated with hard and dry stool formation is the predominant indication of constipation.


  • Indigestion

IndigestionIndigestion / upset stomach is a broader term recounting for the discomforting kind of pain in the upper abdomen. Bloating, nausea and burping are the associated array of symptoms accompanying indigestion. Indigestion results in acidity which causes heartburn, gastric inflammation (gastritis), peptic/ stomach ulcers. Read for details


  • Acid reflux

Acid-refluxIt is a very common condition characterized by burning pain called heartburn (though not related to heart), internally felt in area of close proximity with lower chest. It is caused by stomach acid flowing back up into the food pipe through the valve (gastro esophageal sphincter) which acts a muscle.

Its improper relaxation and contraction leads to Acid reflux. Acid reflux is known by a heavier scientific name gastro esophageal reflux disease, or GERD, when the frequency of it is increased accompanied by the long lasting chronic consequences. Read for details


  • Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable-bowel-syndromeIrritable bowel syndrome is one of digestive trouble giving you pain and discomfort in abdomen region. It includes episodes of diarrhea or constipation accompanied by stomach pain. Rest of the gastrointestinal system is absolutely fine.

A change in your bowel movement is one of the important reasons giving you irritable bowel syndrome. Diet, stress and lack of exercise are three important triggerers of bowel movement changes. Symptoms include diarrhea or constipation or both. A constant feeling of cramps in your belly is felt all through.


  • Gall stones

Gall-stonesGall stones are pieces of solid material that undergo process of formation in gallbladder. When these stones block your bile duct (which originates from gall bladder), it causes pain. This pain too is one of the causes of abdominal pain.



  • Kidney stones

Kidney-stonesThe function of kidneys is to filter waste from blood. This filtration of waste from blood leads to urine formation. Salts and mineral ions rarely can combine to form kidney stones. A sharp intense pain is felt whenever these kidney stones pass into outgoing pipes/ducts called ureters of kidney. Severe abdominal pain may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and painful urination.


  • Food poisoning

Food-poisoningEach one of has experienced food poisoning once or a while in our lives. Food borne microorganisms like bacteria, viruses can infect the food stuff. After eating that food stuff you may experience bouts of abdominal pain. This pain can be mild to severe. Symptoms like dehydration, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting can appear along with abdominal pain.


  • Appendicitis

AppendicitisAppendicitis is the inflammation of appendix. This inflammation can give you pain in mid of the abdomen area slowly and steadily reaching out towards the lower right part of abdomen.



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So now you must have understood that stomach pain is actually generalized abdominal pain. You call it a stomach pain only and only when it arises from stomach. But the root cause can be any organ which is the part of your abdomen.

                      ` Try to distinguish the real organ which is giving you episodes of abdominal pain’

Abdominal Pain? If you have any other information, Please add in Comments.

Abdominal Pain
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